Monday, July 1, 2013

List of Kurdish parties in Syria, for journalists and researchers

This is a list of Kurdish parties operating in Syria. For journalists and researchers:

Note: some parties have similar names, but they are different.

1- Democratic Union Party [PYD]
Current leader: Salih Mislim.
Name of the party in Kurdish language: Partiya Yekîtiya Demokrat
Official Website

2- Kurdish Democratic Progressive Party in Syria [PDPKS]
Current leader: Abdel Hamid Darwish.
Name of the party in Kurdish language: Partiya Dîmoqratî Pêşverû Kurd li Sûriyê
Official Website

3- Kurdish Democratic Unity Party in Syria [PYDKS] 
Current leader: Mohiuddin Sheikh Alee.
Name of the party in Kurdish labguange: Partiya Yekîtiya Demokrat a Kurd li Sûriye
Official Website

4- Kurdish Democratic Party in Syria [PDKS] [al-Party]
Current leader: Abdul Hakim Bashar.
Name of the part in Kurdish language: Partiya Dîmoqrata Kurd Li Sûriya
Official Website

5- Kurdish Democratic Party in Syria [PDKS] [al-Party]
Current leader: Nasr Eddin Ibrahim
Official Website

6- Kurdish AL-party Democratic Party in Syria [PDKS] [al-Party]
Current leader: Mohammad Saeed.
Official Facebook Page

7- Kurdish Left Party in Syria [PCKS]
Current leader: Mohammed Mousa.
Name of the party in Kurdish language: Partiya Çep a Kurd li Sûriya
Official Facebook Page

8- Kurdish Democratic Union Party in Syria [PYKS] [Yakiti]
Current leader: Ismail Hami
Name of the party in Kurdish language: Partiya Yekîtî ya Kurd li Sûriyê
Official Website 

9- Kurdish Syrian Democratic Party [PDKS]
Current leader: Jamal Sheikh Bagi.
Name of the party in Kurdish language: partiya a demoqrat a Kurdî ya sûrî
Official Website

10- Kurdistan Unity Party [PYK]
Current leader: Abdul Basit Hamo.
Name of the party in Kurdish language: Partiya Yekîtî ya Kurdistan
Official Website

11- Kurdish Equality Democratic Party in Syria [PWDKS] [Wakhavi]
Leader: Aziz Daoud (Died few weeks ago)
Name of the party in Kurdish language: Partiya wekhevî ya Kurd li sûrî
Official Facebook Page

12- Kurdish Future Movement in Syria [SPKS]
Current leader: Rezan Sheikhmous
Name of the party in Kurdish language: şepêla pêşeroja Kurd li Surî
Official Website

13- Kurdish Patriotic Democratic Party
Current leader: Taher Safwak.

14- Democratic Left Kurdish Party in Syria [PCDKS]
Current leader: Saleh Gado.
Name of the party in Kurdish language: PARTYA ÇEPA DÎMOQRATA KURDÎ LI SÛRYA
Official Website

15- Kurdistan Alparty Democratic Party, Syria. [al-Party]
Current leader: Abdul Karim Sko Abu Joan.

16- The Syrian Kurdish Democratic Accord
Current leader: Nishat Mohammad.
 Name of the party in Kurdish language: Rêkeftina demoqratî ya Kurdên Sûriye
Official Website

By: Rodi S. Khalil

Friday, May 3, 2013

Recent fighting in Til Temir escalates

Til Temir is a small town of Kurds, Arabs and Assyrians, situated on the road between Serê Kaniyê and Al-Hasakeh. Despite its population of only 7,000, it is an important town because of its strategic location, serving as a gateway to all Kurdish cities in the region.

On 25th April an armed group, led by Hasan To’ama, Secretary of the Ba’ath Party Brigade in Til Temir, attacked the city centre of the town and shot live bullets to scare and terrorise its citizens -a child was killed, spreading chaos and looting shops. The Kurdish Defense Units, YPG (Kurdish initials for Yekîneyên Parastina Gel) immediately intervened to stop them. One YPG member lost his life. The YPG forces spreaded throughout the entire city and gained control all of city outlets. The conflict in Til Temir has links to the conflict in Serê Kaniyê, which continued for months and ended with the win of YPG forces against the Jihadi groups – including Jabhat al-Nusra, which has links to Al-Qaeda.

The FSA has put a new plan into place to fight YPG, but different from how it was in Serê Kaniyê. It is designed to push Arab clans to fight YPG in Til Temir by persuading these clans that Kurds are going to take control of the area, and that they will eventually displace Arabs and divide Syria. The FSA is providing those clans with money, weapons and training. The result is that FSA’s hands are ‘clean’ as the fighting is only between YPG and Arab clans. The FSA then appears innocent. But in actuality, many FSA groups are fighting with those clans against YPG, for example: Ghuraba al-Sham, Moota, Omar bin al-Khattab, Ahfad al-Rasul, and al-Faruq. Ten members of these Jihadi groups were killed in clashes with YPG forces when they tried to storm the city.

The armed gangs have built barriers on the roads around Til Temir, preventing the entrance of foodstuffs, water tanks and medicine to the city. They even stopped Kurdish citizens at the barriers and insulted them, and kidnapped some.

On 30th April, eight members of Jihadi armed groups killed and some were arrested by YPG forces after they shot at vehicles belonging to YPG near the village of Ain al-Abd. Two YPG members sustained injuries. Later, clashes continued near Til Temir and one YPG fighter, Hogir Qahraman, lost his life in the clashes.

Military reinforcements of YPG arrived in Til Temir on Wednesday, 1st May. After midnight, Kurdish YPG forces attacked a barrier of armed gangs near village of Ain al-Abd and killed more than 20 members of the Jihadi groups there, and one YPG member was injured. YPG forces gained control of the barrier.

YPG forces entered the village of Ain al-Abd yesterday, 2nd May, and took complete control of the village. Later they went to the villages of Dardara and Mujebra to control them as well from the Jihadi groups. Clashes are still continuing there.

The armed Jihadi groups, including some groups of FSA, are persistent on entering Til Temir and kicking the Kurds out of the city, while the Kurdish Defense Units are insistent on destroying and controlling all the barriers of the Jihadi groups around Til Temir.

Ossama al-Hilali, who led some of FSA groups against Kurds in Serê Kaniyê is now fighting YPG forces in Til Temir, and he is wanted by the Qamişlo court.

In a call I made to one of the YPG leaders, he told me that YPG advances day by day and they will not abandon Til Temir. He also added: “We have enough numbers of fighters and plenty of weapons to defend all of Rojava, and we’ll win in Til Temir as we have done in Serê Kaniyê.”

By: Rodi S. Khalil
Kurdistan Commentary

Friday, June 22, 2012

the 38th anniversary of the "Arab Hizam" project in West Kurdistan (North Syria)

It is the 38th anniversary of the "Arab Hizam" Arabisation project in Kurdish region in Syria that was instigated by Baath Party and Hafez Al-assad in 24th June 1974 by 'transferring' Arab tribes from Aleppo and Raqqa provinces. Arabic Settlements were built in the Kurdish region for the purpose of 'arabising' the Kurdish areas.

Here is the translation of the 12 proposals, taken from the book of the Syrian Arab first lieutenant Muhammad Talab Hilal, to arabise the Kurdish region:

1- Internally displace Kurds to Syrian cities. The plan will last 2~3 years. The priority is to displace 'dangerous' Kurds first.

2- Purposefully ignoring and running down the Kurdish areas: not establishing schools, colleges or infrastructure.

3- Most of the Kurds who live in Hassaka province have Turkish identity. We should deport everyone who can't prove his/her Syrian origin.

4- Apply an enforced unemployment policy in the Kurdish areas so that Kurds can't find jobs and will be forced to emigrate the Kurdish region.

5- Propaganda campaign amongst Arabs against Kurds to discredit them and incite Arabs to be willing move against Kurds in any moment.

6- Remove the Kurdish religious Aghas and replace with Arab Sheikhs.

7- Create and raise tensions between Kurds themselves with the aim to create Kurdish-Kurdish conflict. By making problems between the Kurds aware of their ethnic identity and assimilated Kurds

8-Settling Arabs into the Kurdish areas near to the borders of Syria so that they will observe/police the Kurds in the future.

9- Establishing military zones in the north of Hassaka province on the Syrian border line. Their "task" will be to displace Kurds and settle Arabs, according to the plans of the state.

10- Establishing Arabic farms in the north. These Arab farmers must be militarily trained and armed in the same way as Jewish settlers in Palestine.

11- Each one is not fluent in Arabic, doesn't have the right to vote and can't participate in any elections.

12-  Not allowing to give the Syrian citizenship to any one wants to live in the Kurdish areas unless he is Arabian.

The 12 proposals written by the first lieutenant Mohammad Talab Hilal, head of internal security in Hassaka province 

Source: THE BOOK: Dirasah an muhafazat al-Jazirah min al-nawahi al-qawmiyah wa-al-ijtima iyah wa-al-siyasiyah, written by Mohammad Talab Hilal.

The 12 proposals translated from Arabic into English by: Rodi S. Khalil

Thursday, June 14, 2012

Kurdish conscripts die in the Syrian army, with numbers increasing

The Kurdish conscript, Brindar Moussa Khalaf, from Amude city, living in al-Hasake, was killed in Damascus. His Kurdish conscript friends found his body thrown in a road approximately 200 metres from one of the barricades of the Air Force Security in Damascus. The body was left there during the night of 09 June 2012 and was found at noon the following day.

The killers stripped the body entirely, removing his clothes and even his ID card. He was shot by twice, once in the chest and the again in the head.

Brindar was a third-year university student of French literature. After entering the third year of his studies, he decided to enroll for the compulsory military service alongside his studies in order get on with this at the same time. Having begun his service, the Syrian revolution began and unrest spread across Syria, resulting in tens of thousands of civilian victims, as well as members of the Syrian army and the Free Syrian army. It is unknown exactly what happened to Brindar Mousa, but according to Kurdish news agencies he was killed by the Syrian regime's army because he refused to shoot on protestors or because he attempted to dessert the military.

Recently, more Kurdish conscripts have died in the Syrian army, with numbers increasing day by day. The Kurdish parties and movements continue to call for Kurdish families not to send their sons for compulsory military service

By: Rodi S. Khalil